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The Classical Era

The Classical period, also known as the “Golden Age of Music”, because key forms of Classical music were developed during this time. the symphony, concerto, sonata, and string quartet. The sonata was the primary form of music during this Classical period. Its reach is responsible for the development of all areas of orchestral and chamber music. Although the sonata was frequently used most often in the opening movements of compositions, its also found in slow movements and finales. One of my favorite classical pieces is Beethoven’s Moonlight Sonata because it has a built in “happy affect”. Below are a few links to read the autobiographies of the Romantic greats, enjoy!

C.P.E. Bach

Ludwig van Beethoven

Luigi Boccherini

Christoph Willibald Gluck

Joseph Haydn

Ernst Theodor Amadeus Hoffmann

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart





The Baroque Era

Baroque music descended from the social and cultural context of the European world. As the varying classes, financial, commercial and professional, created their own musical experience, a paramount number of musicians and artists flourished under the patronage of the church, the state or the aristocracy. The ideology of Baroque music is that it represents the emotions. Thus, the art form characterized a sense of movement, energy, and tension.

The Baroque era denoted the inner stylistic unity of the period that lasted for one and a half centuries. It was a transic period filled with excitement and  tension. In Baroque music, the word dominated the musical harmony. Among the qualities of the Baroque voice,  agility, purity and clarity were those that were most valued.  Thus, the bass and soprano were the outermost voices that acquired a leading position, forming the skeleton of the composition. An archetypal Baroque piece consists of a melodic line for a voice, a bass line, such as cello or bassoon, for a continuo instrument playing the written line, and a chitarrone or harpsichord to fill the intervening space between the two poles, resultant was the polarity of outer parts.

One of my favorite composers from the Baroque era is Johann Sebastian Bach.  Bach was reputed as the master of the fugue, which was the most developed musical form of the era. The fugue is a polyphonic composition based on a subject, which is stated at the beginning in one voice part alone, then imitated by the other voice or voices, and reappearing throughout the piece at various places in one voice part or another. One of Bach’s defining pieces that I like was written in 1723, “Invention No. 1 in C Major”.  A sample can be heard below.

In answering the question “What you found appealing in the work?”, since I’m in no way a connoisseur of fine music, I’ve always found Bach’s music to be relaxing.

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